Academic IELTS writing task 1| Tips to Plan 9 band report.

Hello: in this post, you will learn basic information about Academic IELTS writing task 1 and How to plan 9 band IELTS writing task 1 report. let's begin. 

About the Academic IELTS Writing task 1 Test:

Academic IELTS Writing Task 1.

• You will have about 20 minutes to answer the question.

• You must have to write a report of at least 150 words.

• You are given a visual the presentation which can be in the form of a graph, diagram, bar chart, table, map, or a process. 

• You must write a report explaining the most features of the figure and make comparisons where relevant. You must not include any personal opinion while you're explaining the figure. You just need to describe and report what you are given.


Time management and basic strategies.

Planning ( initial few minutes )

To plan Writing Task 1 (graph/chart/table/diagram), first you need to study the title thoroughly and properly (maybe 2-3 times) and have complete look at the graph/chart/table/diagram (including the label(s), axes and any such information). You may underline some words or phrases just to keep in mind some important things that should not be skipped. Then think carefully about the topic to gather ideas and pertinent points and form a strategy on using appropriate vocabulary/language and logical arrangement. This will help you maintain proper flow and avoid repetition of words and grammatical structures when you start writing. It is a good idea to jot down your ideas on the question sheet so that you know the outline of what you will be writing. Keep in mind that you just need to describe and report information, giving opinions may cause you to lose marks. in the case of more than one graphical representation, you also need to decide which one to describe first.


Writing ( About 10 to 15 minutes )


Writing a Task 1 report includes:


1. Introduction: This is the first part where you need to describe what the graph/chart/table/diagram is about. To prepare an introduction, you need to know what the horizontal and vertical axes show (in case of a graph). Don't miss out on things like dates/year/time period/location etc.

Some common introductory expressions that can be used are: The graph /chart /table /diagram shows /indicates /illustrates /depicts /gives an idea about/represents...

Avoid copying/repetition of the title for introduction as examiners will simply ignore any material copied from the test paper and you will get no credit for this. Use your imagination and write in your own words. However, you can try using alternative language/structure of the title.


2. Overall: In the second paragraph of the IELTS writing task 1 report you need to give an overall picture of the chart/graph/table. You should give one or two sentences that include the most significant observations either decrease or increase.


3. Description: in case of line and bar graphs and tables, the data/statistical figures and significant trend ( increase, decrease, the degree of change ) should be properly described.

Describing graphs and charts often involve making comparisons. The comparisons should be clear and precise, with the degree og being “less” or “more”.

When the data s long and complicated, you should not make notes about every point in the graph/chart/table. Clubbing of the points becomes necessary whatever possible. Also,for such a graph/chart/table, you need to focus on key information and where significant chances take place.


Checking (last 2 to 3 minutes)

It is essential to make sure that nothing important is missed. You need to proofread your answer for a few things such as capitalization ( for names of places, people, organizations, etc.,), Spelling, punctuation, and grammatical errors. Also, it is important to check that you have written more than 150 words because writing under 150 words in IELTS writing task 1 can result in a penalty.

What does a good report look like?

• Introduction (Having 1 or 2 sentences)

• Overall view (including a minimum of two important general points in 2 or 3 sentences)

• Body paragraphs (including the small print and therefore the factual information presented within the figure also as relevant comparisons in 6 or 7 sentences)

The figures in the IELTS writing task 1 question always have a timestamp on it which shows whether the figures are of the past, present or of the future. You need to write a report according to the timestamp given in the figure.



• The rate of crime escalated significantly between 2008 and 2012. (It happened in the past)

• The figures for water consumption show a rapid increase during the night time. (It happens in the present, generally)

• it's predicted that the quantity of tiger will decrease by 2.5% within the subsequent two years. (It will happen in the future)


Note: When there's no timestamp that's a date or a period of time as in some graphs or in processes, this tense must be used.


 Sample 9 band Academic IELTS writing task 1 :

The chart below shows the hours of teaching per year done by teachers in for countries in 2001. summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant.

→ The given column graph compares the annual number of hours of teaching by every teacher of primary, secondary and upper secondary classes in Japan, Spain, Iceland, and the USA. It is manifest from the graph that the teachers of the USA taught for the maximum hours in all three classes.

Overall, the primary and secondary classes were given less importance by all given countries as compared to the secondary and senior secondary classes.

The Japanese and the Spanish teachers taught 600 hours annually in their primary and secondary classes. The Spanish teachers taught 1000 hours to their upper secondary classes, which was much more than the 650 hours given to upper secondary classes by the Japanese teachers. 

The Icelandic teachers taught 600 hours to their primary classes in a year, whereas 800 hours were devoted to teaching secondary and upper secondary classes. The teachers of the USA taught about 900 hours per year to primary school students, whereas they taught 1050 and 1100 hours respectively to secondary and upper secondary classes.


 FAQ's on IELTS writing task 1:

1. How do I start IELTS Academic Writing Task 1?

-First of all, understand the given task question and plan your answer according to the given data.

-Secondly, paraphrase the question. If you don’t know how to paraphrase in IELTS writing then do refer the given post

-Thirdly, give an overall statement describing the overall trend of the task.

-Fourthly, support your opinion and write one or two body-paragraphs

-Lastly, check your work.

2. Can I write more than 250 words in IELTS?

In IELTS writing you have to write at least 150 words for Task 1 and 250 words for IELTS writing task 2. Writing below the prescribed word limit will result in a penalty, but there is no penalty for writing over the word limit. However, writing more than 150 words in Task 1 can affect the coherence and cohesion of your answer. So it is advised to not write more than 170 words in writing task 1 and 280 words in writing task 2.

3. How can I improve my writing task 1 in IELTS?

Tips to improve your writing skills.

-Try to write 3 paragraph with at least 150 words

-Never copy the task question, instead, paraphrase the given question.

-Always write an overview as the second sentence of your introduction.

-Make relevant comparisons.

-Understand the task and use the proper tense according to the task.

-Never give a conclusion in IELTS writing task 1.

4. Which tense is used in writing Task 1?

In IELTS writing task 1 you have to use the correct tense according to the given task question.

If the task contains a graph comparing the use of electricity in 3 cities in the years 1990, 1995 and 2000 then you have to use Simple Past tense throughout your answer.


Get latest IELTS speaking cue-cards with sample answers at


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